Books and Education - Fresh Water Ecology Research Group - Biological Sciences - University of Canterbury - New Zealand

Freshwater Ecology Research Group


Freshwaters of New Zealand
Guide to the freshwater Crustacea of New Zealand
Stream Habitat Assessment Protocols for wadeable rivers and streams of New Zealand
The Natural History of Canterbury
Guide to the Aquatic Insects of New Zealand. 4th Edition
Protocols for sampling macroinvertebrates in wadeable streams
Metal Contaminants in New Zealand: Sources, treatments and effects on ecology and human health
New Zealand Stream Invertebrates: Ecology and Implications for Management

Freshwaters of New Zealand

Edited by Jon Harding, Paul Mosley, Charles Pearson, & Brian Sorrell.

“Freshwaters of New Zealand” is available for download here

Freshwaters of New Zealand has been written by a team of eighty scientists and managers. It provides an up-to-date survey and synthesis of our knowledge of the streams, rivers, wetlands and lakes of New Zealand. There is a strong emphasis on our distinctive environment, science and management, but this is always underpinned by knowledge developed internationally. The 46 chapters cover a range of information, concepts and theories, arranged in five sections: the hydrological cycle, running water systems, lakes and wetlands, subsurface waters, and applications and issues in water management. The book is designed for students, managers, and scientists, working in a wide range of disciplines, who require an introduction to the field of freshwater science and management, and an entry point into the wider literature.

A long white cloud, snow and glaciers, tranquil lakes – part of the image that attracts thousands of tourists to New Zealand, and encourages many into careers as water managers and scientists. But there is far more to the freshwaters of New Zealand than these. Our knowledge of fresh water, aquatic biota and ecosystems has advanced rapidly in recent years. In addition to the “icons”– the salmon fisheries of the South Island, the blue duck of our mountain rivers – less well known life forms are receiving increasing attention, such as the animals that live in groundwater, often deep below the surface. To classic concepts such as the hydrological cycle and the river continuum, scientists are adding new hypotheses and theories, new management tools are being developed, and improved methods to facilitate community involvement are being applied.

ISBN 0-476-00708-9
700 pages



Guide to the freshwater Crustacea of New Zealand

M.A. Chapman, M.H. Lewis and M.J. Winterbourn

“Guide to the freshwater Crustacea of New Zealand” is a comprehensive update of the classic volume “Introduction to the freshwater Crustacea of NZ” by Chapman & Lewis (1976). In the intervening 35 years there have been many advances in the systematics of crustaceans leading in many instances to the introduction of new names, and our knowledge of freshwater crustacean biology and ecology has increased, substantially. The new book follows a similar format to its predecessor, uses some of the same text and many of the original figures. However, most of the text and identification keys have been rewritten to accommodate advances in knowledge, and many new line drawings and colour images are included. Each chapter has its own set of references to help users get into the relevant literature.  Accounts of the Copepoda, Syncarida and Amphipoda, in particular, contain much new material, and information on the remarkable subterranean and “terrestrial” crustacean faunas is incorporated. The book is intended to be a source of information and a guide to the identification of our inland crustacean fauna that can be used by students, teachers, research workers and other environmental scientists.

“Guide to the freshwater Crustacea of New Zealand” is available from Manaaki Whenua Press
Order on line at Price: $NZ75.00.



Stream Habitat Assessment Protocols for wadeable rivers and streams of New Zealand

Jon Harding, Joanne Clapcott, John Quinn, John Hayes, Mike Joy, Richard Storey, Hamish Greig, Joe Hay, Trevor James, Mary Beech, Rachael Ozane, Adrian Meredith, Ian Boothroyd

This self-contained guide provides a set of practical, cost-effective and standardised protocols for the assessment of physical habitat in New Zealand waterways.

It is intended that the information provided will allow practitioners to measure the current state of stream habitat using accurate and specific variables that allow for the identification of spatial and temporal trends in habitat condition. Often when you visit a stream or river for the first time your impression of that stream is based on the visual clues about its surrounding landscape and how the stream looks. These visual impressions are in effect an assessment of the physical condition of the stream. Although we may not think of it in that context, what we are doing is picking up cues about the condition of riparian zone, the presence of human engineering structures, the current and recent of flow conditions and the morphology of the stream bed.

Historically, much of the focus of stream assessments have been on measuring water quality and collecting ecological information about algae, invertebrate and fish communities. Frequently, less emphasis has been placed on collecting hydrological, riparian or stream morphology data. Increasing pressures to extract water from our streams and rivers has meant that understanding the relationship between flow levels and stream communities have become more important. Similarly, greater demands for stream restoration and effective riparian management have occurred as our understanding of the importance of riparian and habitat conditions in maintaining the structure and function of healthy streams has increased. As a result, there has been an increasing need for better and more consistent tools to characterize and quantify stream habitat. These protocols are an attempt to fulfill that need.

ISBN 978-0-473-15151-5
133 pages

Stream Habitat Assessment Protocols

The Natural History of Canterbury

Edited by Michael Winterbourn, George Knox, Colin Burrows and Islay Marsden

The third edition of "The Natural History of Canterbury" provides a comprehensive, up-to-date account of knowledge of the flora, fauna and environment of the region with a broad audience in mind. It will be a valuable resource for natural scientists, students, environmental managers and interested lay people, not just in Canterbury but throughout New Zealand.

Contributions to the 27 chapters were made by more than 40 scientists and academics with wide-ranging experience and expertise in their subjects. Contents include chapters on the geology, geomorphology and geography of the region, climate and soils, and the history of Maori colonisation and life.

Past and present vegetation are dealt with in detail, as are fossil and present-day faunas, including the birds, amphibians and reptiles, and marine mammals. The ecology of terrestrial, marine and freshwater habitats is treated in depth.

Timely and thought-provoking chapters deal with ecological restoration, conservation issues and environmental management. All chapters are exhaustively referenced to provide the reader with an entry to the primary literature. Extensive use is made of colour images, not only to enhance the visual appeal of the book but to enable the reader to visualise many of the remarkable plants, animals and landscapes found in Canterbury.

View contents pages

Publisher: Canterbury University Press
Order online at Price $NZ190.00.

Guide to the Aquatic Insects of New Zealand. 4th Edition

Michael J. Winterbourn, Katharine L. D. Gregson and Craig H. Dolphin

The fourth edition of this excellent identification guide to aquatic insects in New Zealand has been updated with the latest information, making it an essential resource as the demand for river surveys and water quality studies continues to grow.

Since the third edition was published five years ago, there have been great advances in our knowledge of New Zealand's aquatic insects. This edition includes information from several new publications about the systematics of New Zealand aquatic insects. More than 80 new titles have been added to the reference list and cited in the text; this serves both to document taxonomic changes and to guide the reader to the expanding literature on the aquatic insects of NZ.

The book provides keys to enable insects to be identified to the family or genus level. Notes on distributioon, habitat, and problems likely to be encountered with identification are included, along with full references, g;lossary of terms, and an index of taxa, common names, and general subjects.

2006, ISBN 0-9597663-7-5
Published by The Entomological Society of New Zealand with funding from the New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society.
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Protocols for sampling macroinvertebrates in wadeable streams

Stark, J. D.; Boothroyd, I. K. G; Harding, J. S.; Maxted, J. R.; Scarsbrook, M. R. 2001

Protocols for sampling macroinvertebrates in wadeable streams (PDF 1.5MB)
New Zealand Macroinvertebrate Working Group Report No. 1. Prepared for the Ministry for the Environment. Sustainable Management Fund Project No. 5103. 57p.

Metal Contaminants in New Zealand: Sources, treatments and effects on ecology and human health

Editors: Tim Moore, Amanda Black, Jose Centeno, Jon Harding & Dave Trumm

This new book fills a gap in New Zealand’s environmental literature by focussing on the issues of metal contamination in the environment and impacts on human health. Comprising over 400 pages in 23 chapters the book provides a comprehensive review of sources of metals in the New Zealand environment, mechanisms of metal transport, environmental impacts (particularly in freshwaters) and diseases and human health issues associated with metal toxicity.

Metal Contaminants in New Zealand should provide a useful resource to central and local Government agencies, consultants, researchers and students seeking a comprehensive review of this subject.

Publisher: Resolutionz Press
Cost: $120 NZ (inc. GST) + postage

metal contaminants book

New Zealand Stream Invertebrates: Ecology and Implications for Management

Edited by Kevin Collier & Michael Winterbourn


  1. The New Zealand stream invertebrates: an overview M. Winterbourn
  2. Biogeography and biodiversity I. Boothroyd
  3. New Zealand’s stream invertebrate communities: an international perspective R. Thompson & C. Townsend
  4. Life-histories M. Scarsbrook
  5. Feeding ecology M. Winterbourn
  6. Aquatic predator-prey interactions A. McIntosh
  7. Invertebrate-substratum relationships R. Death
  8. Use of riparian and hyporheic habitats K. Collier & M. Scarsbrook
  9. Effects of pastoral development J. Quinn
  10. Effects of mining and production forestry J. Harding, J. Quinn & C. Hickey
  11. Effects of urbanisation A. Suren
  12. Flow management I. Jowett
  13. Ecotoxicology: laboratory and field approaches C. Hickey
  14. Use of invertebrates in monitoring I. Boothroyd & J. Star
  15. Management, education and conservation K. Collier, C. Fowles & I. Hogg

Publisher: Limnological Society of New Zealand
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